2018.09.28 The lecture of Academician and Professor Mirzayusuf Musakhanov titled as "QCD Vacuum and Hadron Properties" was given in the UCAS. Students and staffs of UCAS attended the lecture.
During the lecture, the Professor explained such phenomena as quantum vacuum, QCD and topology of gluon vacuum fields.After completing the main part of the lecture, students and teachers had the opportunity to ask Professor M. Musakhanov some questions and could get detailed answers.Journalists of the UCAS team were able to talk with the Professor and asked him a few questions during the interview, the answers were useful and interesting for both students and teachers of UCAS.
- Many young scientists before the beginning of their work are faced with the necessity to select and formulate the research topic. Please, tell me what did help you to choose the topic of your research and why this topic is interesting for you.
My specialty is Hadron physics. I worked in a large group of researchers. At some point, I decided to make my own contribution. And at that time, the easiest way to make your own contribution in such areas of physics was to focus on a specific subject of study.
I found a very interesting research subject because we work face to face with the problem on our own. When we try to solve research problem we should find some people around who have a similar scientific interest. Later, we have to attend some conferences to find some solutions and to discuss possible argue with various researchers, because some of them could suggest other ways solving the research problem. In the course of discussions and disputes, it is possible to develop a priority model for a suitable solution of the scientific problem. What is the right solution? First of all, it should be described by similar physical parameters. In my study, I had only two key parameters that described accurately the phenomenon studied.
- What do you think, what issues are the most relevant and promising for scientific research in physics today? On what topics young scientists should pay their attention and could you recommend which scientific area is the most interesting for modern research.
I have interest on quantum vacuum and their energy, so I can recommend it for young scientists. This problem has fundamental importance for quantum physics, because the quantum physics cannot coexist with Einstein's theory. Although we assume that both of these approaches in quantum physics and Einstein's theory are the most important parts in the theory of the Universe. This is the first task.
The second important task is also tied to the birth of the Universe. It is that we know everything about the Universe, starting with 10 microseconds since the formation of the Universe, but know very little about what happened between zero and 10 microseconds since the formation of the Universe. It follows that we need to know how the extension of the standard model of elementary particles is arranged. The standard model of elementary particles describes the evolution of the Universe from 10 microseconds. If there are people who are able to solve the problem of building a model for the interval from 0 to 10 microseconds, they will be able to ask questions directly to God, because God created all of us.
- What advices and recommendations would you give to young researchers when they do own research? What was motivated you?
First, it is curiosity. Curiosity is a great power. Curiosity pushes children to commit various actions that are not always clear to adults. It is the same kind of motivation that drives people who study physics because they want to learn and know what is hidden from everyone's attention. This is the main motivation to study physics. Because it is not for nothing that they say that most of the young people are looking for their vocation not in physics, but in more natural areas for human nature, such as Economics, information technology and so on. But even in information technology, quite a lot of achievements are due to the fact that quantum mechanics is an outstanding means of achieving the state of absolutely protected communication lines. There is also a relationship between physics and the creation of quantum computers. Quantum mechanics is becoming an industry tool.
Professor M. Musakhanov talks with UCAS students
- Why did you decide to give a lecture in UCAS?
The thing is, it's my profession to lecture. I am a lecturer in the M. Ulugbek National University of Uzbekistan as well as in many other educational institutions. I really like this job. I like to see young people who are interested in physics. I really like talking to them. I get a boost of energy from them. This is my motivation to lecture.
- What are your impressions of interaction with students of UCAS?
There were students with different types of specialization. Students of undergraduate, graduate and doctoral programs. As far as I understand, the most part of the people were undergraduates and doctoral students. These people are almost formed, they chose their profession and they are going to build a career in chosen fields. This is a difficult career, but very interesting.
- What are your wishes to UCAS students?
Keep a fresh mind and form your own understanding of any issue in the course of training.
Writer: Viktoriya Ilina
Photo: Tang Wenzhong